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The Earth-One Index

Freedom Fighters

Freedom Fighters No. 1
Mar.-Apr. 1976
Cover: Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Black Condor, and Ray surrounded by police //Ernie Chua (signed)
Story: "The Freedom Fighters" (18 pages)
Editor, writer: Gerry Conway
Penciller: Ric Estrada
Inker, letterer: Mike Royer
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor; last appearance for all in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #108)
Supporting Character: David Pearson (first appearance)
Villains: The Silver Ghost (Raphael Van Zandt) and his gang, King Samson (first appearance for all)
Comments: Story continues in the next issue.
 The Freedom Fighters are not actually the heroes of the same names who appeared in 1940's Quality Comics, but virtual duplicates of those heroes, originally native to Earth-2.  Their emigration to Earth-X is detailed in ALL-STAR SQUADRON #33 and 50 and their appearance here takes place after their teamup with the Justice League and Justice Society in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #107-108.
Synopsis: Seeking excitement, the Freedom Fighters come to Earth-One, where they promptly end up in the clutches of a super-villain, the Silver Ghost.

Freedom Fighters No. 2
May-June 1976
Cover: //Dick Giordano
Story: "Rampage" (18 pages)
Editor, writer: Gerry Conway
Penciller: Pablo Marcos
Inker: Tex Blaisdell
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Supporting Characters: David Pearson, Craig Olsen (first appearance; first name revealed in issue #4, his next appearance)
Intro: Sgt. Durhane, Franklin (only appearance for both)
Villains: The Silver Ghost (next appearance in issue #5), King Samson (next appears in issue #4), and their gang (next appear in issue #6)
Comment: Story continues in next issue.
Synopsis: With Uncle Sam, the Ray, and the Human Bomb as his unwilling pawns, the Silver Ghost terrorizes New York City, demanding an evacuation or else he promises to destroy its populance.

Freedom Fighters No. 3
July-August 1976
Cover: Skragg vs. Uncle Sam, Ray, and Black Condor //Dick Giordano
Story: [untitled] (18 pages)
Editor: Gerry Conway
Writer: Marty Pasko
Penciller: Ramona Fradon
Inker: Juan Canale
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Supporting Character: David Pearson
Intro: Midge Sommar (dies in this story), Frank Connelly (only appearance)
Villains: Skragg (Arthur T. "Ted" Sommar; first appearance; dies in this story), Kylor and Nimak (two Qwardians; first and only appearance for both)
Synopsis: Visitors from Qward change businessman / lawyer / homocidal maniac Arthur Sommar into Skragg the Super Sniper, who ends up battling the still-fugitive Freedom Fighters.

Freedom Fighters No. 4
September-October 1976
Cover: Wonder Woman vs. Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Phantom Lady, Human Bomb, Ray, and Black Condor //Ernie Chua (signed)
Story: "The Left Hand of Oblivion" (18 pages)
Editor: Gerry Conway
Writer: Marty Pasko
Penciller: Ramona Fradon
Inker: Vince Colletta
Letterer: Ben Oda
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
GS: Wonder Woman (last appearance in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #134)
Supporting Characters: Morgan Tracy (last appearance in WONDER WOMAN #225; next appears in BRAVE AND THE BOLD #140), David Pearson, Craig Olsen (last appearance)
Other Character: Frank Connelly (last appearance)
Intro: King Samson's mother (in flashback; dies in this story)
Cameo appearance: Silver Ghost
Villain: King Samson
Comment: Story continues in next issue.
Synopsis: The Freedom Fighters invade the U.N. in hopes of explaining themselves, which leads to their teaming with Wonder Woman against super-powered marauder King Samson.

Freedom Fighters No. 5
November-December 1976
Cover: Uncle Sam with fallen Wonder Woman, Black Condor, Phantom Lady, Doll Man, Ray, and Human Bomb //Rich Buckler / Vince Colletta (signed)
Story: "The Rise and Fall of King Samson" (17 pages)
Editor: Tony Isabella
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Ramona Fradon
Inker: Vince Colletta
Letterer: Milt Snapinn
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam (next appears in DC SUPER-STARS #10), Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
GS: Wonder Woman (next appears in WONDER WOMAN #226)
Supporting Character: David Pearson, Martha Roberts (of Earth-One; first appearance)
Villains: Silver Ghost, King Samson (dies in this story)
Comment: Shortly after this story Uncle Sam participates with several other super-heroes in a baseball game against a team of villains in DC SUPER-STARS #10.
Synopsis: The Freedom Fighters must revive a fallen Wonder Woman, defeat King Samson, and deal with the return of the supposedly deceased Silver Ghost, while Doll Man meets the Earth-One counterpart of his late girlfriend Martha Roberts.

Freedom Fighters No. 6
January-February 1977
Cover: Homilus vs. Uncle Sam, Human Bomb, Black Condor, and Ray
Story: "Witching Hour For the Warrior Wizards" (17 pages)
Editor: Tony Isabella
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Ramona Fradon
Inker: Bob Smith
Letterer: Ben Oda
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam (last appearance in DC SUPER-STARS #10), Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Supporting Characters: Martha Roberts, David Pearson, Tom Fagan (last appearance in DC SUPER-STARS #18; next appears in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #146)
Cameo appearances: Batman, Billy Batson, Robin, Captain Marvel, Superman (as costumes in the Rutland Halloween Parade)
Villains: Homilus (a demon; first and only appearance; possibly destroyed in this story), Enstra and his Warrior Wizards (first and only appearance for all)
Synopsis: Uncle Sam and company hide out at the annual Rutland Halloween Parade, but Martha Roberts is kidnapped by a sorcerous cult trying to invoke the demon Homilus.

Freedom Fighters No. 7
March-April 1977
Cover: Ray, Black Condor, Doll Man, Phantom Lady, and Uncle Sam vs. Dolls of Supergirl, Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel
Story: "The Emperor of the North Pole" (17 pages)
Editor: Tony Isabella
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Supporting Characters: Martha Roberts, David Pearson
Intro: Santa Claus (of Earth-One; next appears in DC COMICS PRESENTS #67)
Villains: The Elf (first and only appearance), the Silver Ghost (as the Americommando), Barracuda (Lennie), Fireball (Roy), Sparky (Marv), Rusty (Arch; first appearance for all four; teamed with "Americommando" as the Crusaders)
Comments: Story continues in next issue.
 The Crusaders are based on Marvel Comics's Invaders superhero team.
Synopsis: Black Condor has a telepathic vision that sends the Freedom Fighters to the theme park Santaland, where the evil Elf attacks them with killer toys, including action figures of the Justice League.

Freedom Fighters No. 8
May-June 1977
Cover: Uncle Sam vs. Americommando, Fireball and Sparky vs. Black Condor, Human Bomb vs. Barracuda //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel
Story: "D-Day At Niagra" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man (origin retold in flashback), Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
GA: Clark Kent (Superman; last appearance in ACTION COMICS #474; next appears in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #145)
Supporting Character: David Pearson
Villains: Silver Ghost (as Americommando), Barracuda, Fireball, Rusty, Sparky (all five teamed as the Crusaders), Michael Tulane (first appearance)
Comment: Story continues in next issue.
Synopsis: D. A. Pearson sets a World War II super-team, the Crusaders, against the Freedom Fighters.

Freedom Fighters No. 9
July-August 1977
Cover: Americommando and children near Freedom Fighters poster, Black Condor, Uncle Sam, Phantom Lady, Ray, Doll Man, and Human Bomb //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel (signed)
Story: "Blitzkrieg At Buffalo" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Supporting Characters: David Pearson (dies in this story)
Villains: The Crusaders (Barracuda, Fireball, Rusty, Sparky (last appearance for all), Silver Ghost (as Americommando)), Michael Tulane
Comment: Story continues in next issue.
Synopsis: Americommando, the Crusaders' leader, is unmasked as the Silver Ghost, and the Freedom Fighters must escape captivity and defeat the other Crusaders to rescue his prisoner, Martha Roberts.

Freedom Fighters No. 10
September-October 1977
Cover: Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, and Uncle Sam vs. Cat-Man; newspaper photo of Doll Man in cage //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel (signed)
Story: "Murder In Miniature" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Letterer: Ben Oda
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man (origin retold in flashback), Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor)
Intro: Martha Roberts (of Earth-X), Dr. Roberts (her father; both in flashback; both die in this story)
Cameo appearance: David Pearson
Villains: Silver Ghost (as Americommando; next appears in issue #12), Cat-Man (last appearance in DETECTIVE COMICS #325; next appears in BATMAN #322), Michael Tulane
Synopsis: While the Ray battles the Silver Ghost, Doll Man is arrested for the shooting of D. A. Pearson, and Uncle Sam, the Human Bomb, and Phantom Lady must prevent a robbery by the Cat-Man and his gang in Minneapolis.

Freedom Fighters No. 11
November-December 1977
Cover: The Renegades vs. Uncle Sam, Phantom Lady, and Human Bomb; vignettes of Doll Man and Ray //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel (signed)
Story: "Divided We Die?"  (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Letterer: Milt Snapinn
Colorist: Liz Berube
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray (origin retold in flashback), Black Condor)
Intro: The Firebrand (of Earth-X; as Rod Reilly; last chronological appearance in ALL-STAR SQUADRON #50)
Supporting Character: Martha Roberts
Intro: Ms. Gorman (only appearance)
Villains: The Renegades (Chief Crazy Horse, Tall Tree, Rain-In-the-Face, Thunder Cloud; first and only appearance), Michael Tulane
Synopsis: With the Ray and the Black Condor still missing, the remaining Freedom Fighters battle the Renegades, four Native Americans given super-powers.

Freedom Fighters No. 12
January-February 1978
Cover: Uncle Sam, Phantom Lady, Ray, Firebrand, and Human Bomb breaking into site of electrocution of Doll Man by Michael Tulane's hand //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel (signed)
Story: "Bust-Out in the Big House" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Christian Volt (Alfredo Alcala)
Letterer: Ben Oda
Colorist: Bob LeRose
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor, Firebrand (origin retold in flashback; rejoins the Freedom Fighters in this story))
Supporting Character: Martha Roberts
Intro: Slugger Dunn (of Earth-X; in flashback; last chonological appearance in ALL-STAR SQUADRON #?; last appearance), Ted Sherman, Mary Ellen Covington (only appearance for both)
Cameo appearance: David Pearson (in flashback)
Villains: Raphael Van Zandt (the Silver Ghost; in flashback; last appearance in issue #10; next appears in CANCELLED COMIC CAVALCADE #2), Michael Tulane
Synopsis: The Ray encounters the Firebrand, another fugitive hero from Earth-X, and the Freedom Fighters race to save a wrongly-convicted Doll Man from the electric chair.

Freedom Fighters No. 13
March-April 1978
Cover: Martha Roberts and Firebrand chased by Uncle Sam, Ray, Doll Man, and Human Bomb //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel (signed)
Story: "The Amazing Origin / the Deadly Return / the Startling Secret of the Black Condor" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Letterer: Milt Snapinn
Colorist: Jerry Serpe
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor (origin retold in flashback), Firebrand)
Supporting Character: Tom Fagan (last appearance in JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA #146; last appearance?)
Intro: Mr. and Mrs. Richard Grey, Father Pierre (all in flashback; all die in this story), Bill Morgan (only appearance)
Villain: An unidentified villain (first appearance)
Synopsis: The Freedom Fighters and new ally Firebrand battle a berserk Black Condor, who has abducted the Phantom Lady and Martha Roberts.

Freedom Fighters No. 14
May-June 1978
Cover: Black Condor, Uncle Sam, Phantom Lady, Ray, Doll Man, Firebrand, and Human Bomb on exploding roller coaster; vignettes of Batwoman and Batgirl //Rich Buckler / Jack Abel
Story: "Sideshows of Doom" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Letterer: John Workman
Colorist: Mario Sen
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Ray, Black Condor, Firebrand)
GS: Batwoman, Batgirl (last appearance for both in BATMAN FAMILY #17)
Villain: The unidentified villain (last appearance)
Comment: Story continues in next issue.
Synopsis: The Freedom Fighters, along with Batwoman and Batgirl, contend with a phantom saboteur at Kathy Kane's carnival.

Freedom Fighters No. 15
July-August 1978
Cover: Alien making duplicates of Phantom Lady, Ray, and Human Bomb while Doll Man, Uncle Sam, Firebrand, Human Bomb, and Ray watch //Alex Saviuk / Frank Giacoia (signed)
Story: "Carnival of Death" (17 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Writer: Bob Rozakis
Penciller: Dick Ayers
Inker: Jack Abel
Letterer: Milt Snapinn
Colorist: Mario Sen
Feature Characters: The Freedom Fighters  (Uncle Sam, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady (origin revealed in flashback), Black Condor, Firebrand (all next appear in CANCELLED COMIC CAVALCADE #2), Ray (next appears in BLACK LIGHTNING #11))
GS: Batgirl (next appears in BATMAN FAMILY #18), Batwoman (next appears in DETECTIVE COMICS #485)
Intro: Senator Knight (in flashback; Phantom Lady's father; last chronological appearance)
Villains: An alien race, Ace Diamond (in flashback; first and only appearance for all)
Comment: Story continues in the unpublished Secret Society of Super-Villains stories in CANCELLED COMICS CAVALCADE #2, in which the Freedom Fighters fight the Secret Society of Super-Villains, and the Ray story in BLACK LIGHTNING #11.
Synopsis: The Freedom Fighters, Batwoman, and Batgirl battle alien invaders intent on replacing humans with synthetic duplicates and creating a giant super-soldier.

Black Lightning No. 11
September-October 1978
Story: "The Rise and Fall of the Ray" (8 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Co-plotter, scripter: Roger McKenzie
Co-plotter, penciller: John Fuller
Inker: Bob Wiacek
Letterer: Shelly Leferman
Colorist: Mario Sen
Feature Character: The Ray (last appearance in CANCELLED COMIC CAVALCADE #2 (unpublished Secret Society of Super-Villains story); next appears in CANCELLED COMIC CAVALCADE #1 (unpublished Ray story))
Synopsis: On the verge of giving up his heroic identity after a beating by two Secret Society of Super-Villains members, the Ray changes his mind after a great fire breaks out and only he can stop it.

Cancelled Comic Cavalcade No. 1
Summer 1978
Story: [untitled] (8 pages)
Editor: Jack C. Harris
Plotter: Mike W. Barr
Scripter: Roger McKenzie
Penciller: John Fuller
Inker: Bob Wiacek
Feature Character: The Ray (last appearance in BLACK LIGHTNING #11; next appears in DC COMICS PRESENTS #62)
Villain: The Dark (first and only appearance)
Comment: The story of the Ray's battle with the Dark remains untold, but after his reunion with the Freedom Fighters and their return to Earth-X (in an untold Secret Society of Super-Villains story), the Freedom Fighters team up with Superman to fight neo-Nazis in DC COMICS PRESENTS #62, then join with the heroes of Earth to fight the Anti-Monitor in CRISIS ON INFINITE EARTHS #5-7 and 9-12, their last Earth-One appearance.

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